O.R. is a high risk setting for occupational sharps injuries. Sharps such as Needle , blades can potentially cause an injury by cutting or pricking the skin. Sharps injuries can be a transport vehicle for any virus from patient’s blood for instance HIV, hepatitis B, C and many other. Data gathered from more than 80 hospitals from U.S.A suggests that from 1993 through 2006 31,324 total sharps injuries occurred and 7,186 were to surgical personnel. More than 40% of those injuries were caused by suture needles. Scalpel blades related injuries were 17% while syringes caused 12% of the total injuries recorded. Healthcare facilities adopt multiple ways to reduce sharp injuries:

  • • Information and Training for staff- Training's are focused on “correct use of safer sharps”, “what to do if sharp injury event happened” and other related topics
  • • Preferentially more use of disposable surgical instruments (Scalpel,Blades) to reduce injury risks associated with disassembling reusable instruments.
  • • Treatment and follow-up of a sharp injury
  • • Avoid Needles recapping- Needles must not be recapped after use unless the facility has determined this activity necessary for the procedure to avoid contamination risks. Needle-blocks can be used to allow safe one-handed recapping.
  • • Report the Incident- Staff must report the incident to ensure that every injury risk is covered
  • • Recording and Investigation- Facilities must record each sharp injury incident, once reported. Practice should regularly perform root cause analysis and investigation to reduce future injuries.